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Strategic Design

Strategic Design produces combinations (or options) of urban form and transport policies and tests their application to the case study cities. It will increase the understanding of how sustainability of new urban form is affected by the existing urban form, and provide an overall research framework within which the different options can be tested and assessed across the different scales.

Examples of urban form include: the high density ‘compact city’; the ‘edge city’ that expands by development around its periphery into the green belt with new ‘satellite towns’ built beyond the green belt; and market-led dispersal (‘sprawl’) without green belt regulations. Transport policies can be broadly characterised as investing in public transport, reducing traffic levels by road pricing, and improving highways. The research will test different options of urban form and transport policy for year 2031 using a computer model of land use and transport.

For the purpose of testing the options it is necessary to develop a scenario based on current plans. The 'base case' year is taken as 2016 and the continuation of the trend from 2016 to 2031 represents the 'trend' scenario, which is used as a ‘benchmark’ for comparing the land use – transport options.

Click on the 'Case Study Cities' icons above to find out more about the options tested.

Schematic representation of strategic design options

 

London region: Regulated development (with green belt and satellite towns)

Flemish region: 'Free market' development

Strategic Design is closely linked with Urban Pattern, Local Design, and Assessment components to ensure feedback between strategic and local design options, as well as comprehensive assessment of the options.

 

EPSRC
The Martin Centre, University of Cambridge Faculty of the Built Environment, University of the West of England Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds The Bartlett School of Planning, University College London Transport Operations Research Group, Newcastle University