Strategic Design produces combinations (or options) of urban form and transport
policies and tests their application to the case study cities. It will increase
the understanding of how sustainability of new urban form is affected by the existing
urban form, and provide an overall research framework within which the different
options can be tested and assessed across the different scales.
Examples of urban form include: the high density ‘compact city’; the ‘edge city’
that expands by development around its periphery into the green belt with new ‘satellite
towns’ built beyond the green belt; and market-led dispersal (‘sprawl’) without
green belt regulations. Transport policies can be broadly characterised as investing
in public transport, reducing traffic levels by road pricing, and improving highways.
The research will test different options of urban form and transport policy for
year 2031 using a computer model of land use and transport.
For the purpose of testing the options it is necessary to develop a scenario based
on current plans. The 'base case' year is taken as 2016 and the continuation of
the trend from 2016 to 2031 represents the 'trend' scenario, which is used as a
‘benchmark’ for comparing the land use – transport options.
Click on the 'Case Study Cities' icons above to find out more about the options
Schematic representation of strategic design options
London region: Regulated development (with green belt and satellite
Flemish region: 'Free market' development
Strategic Design is closely linked with Urban Pattern, Local Design, and Assessment
components to ensure feedback between strategic and local
design options, as well as comprehensive assessment of the options.