Transport Policy Options
The generic transport options being considered are:
Trend: A scenario where the level of investment in transport is
the trend of current plans and policies to year 2016 extrapolated further into the
future to 2031. The trend is a combination of highway and public transport investment.
It includes area wide road user charging, even though this is not currently part
of UK government policy. Road user charging has been included for the ‘trend’ and
all of the other options because it is likely to be needed to explore the full sustainability
potential of the ‘compact city’ option. The main aim of this research is to test
the sustainability of different spatial land use and transport policies, rather
than road pricing. Given that the project only has the resources to test a very
limited number of options, and that road user charging is likely to have a substantial
but similar effect on all of the options, then if charging is included for the ‘compact
city,’ it should be included for all of the other options. Differences between the
options will then be due to the spatial policies, rather than the presence or absence
of road user charging.
Public transport improvement: This option has the same amount of
investment in transport as the trend but all of this investment from 2016 to 2031
is used to improve public transport.
Highways improvement: This option has the same amount of investment
in transport as the trend but all of this investment from 2016 to 2031 is used to
improve the highways network.